Hand tools are great for learning the basics of any task. They are affordable compared to power tools, and you can do almost all small to medium scale tasks of木工, metalworking, and construction work with hand tools.
Hand tools refer to the gears that don’t have any motor attached to their intended tasks. As humans are familiar with hand tools from stone age, there are numerous hand tools available. Therefore, some tools become useless, andsome types of hand toolsare still trendy among all.
Here, I am going to put shed on those common hand tools, their types, and usage. So, stay tuned.
A Complete Guide on Different Types of Hand Tools
You may need not use all the tools available in the market at the moment, but who knows; you may need to use any one of them later. Therefore, I have created this hand tools list mentioning their diverse uses. I am sure you will enjoy going through all of them to enrich your knowledge about them. Let’s see…
A wrench is also called a spanner. This is the most common hand tools that may be found in almost all household. They are made from chromium-vanadium alloy tool steel and coated with chromium. There are several types of wrenches for accomplishing different purposes, and I am going to talk about the most used ones so that you can get the right one to make your job easier.
It is a U-shaped wrench with two open ends. However, the two ends’ sizes are not the same, and this feature makes the wrench more versatile. These wrenches are easy to use, and ideal for general-purpose wrench works.
These wrenches are also double-faced, but they have enclosed openings for gripping the top of a bolt or nut. You can unfasten and fasten a hexagonal shape nut with twelve-point wrenches and square-shaped nuts with eight-point wrenches.
這wrench combines the features of a box-end and an open-end wrench. In addition to that, both ends have the same sizes of bolts.
These wrenches are ideal for working with softer metals like plumbing nuts. They come with a long handle and thick jaws to provide an increased contact area with nuts.
The specialty of this type of wrench is that its end-section ratchets. However, you can reverse the ratcheting by flipping the wrench over. These wrenches are ideal for working with pawls and complex captured rollers. It also has a drift pin at its back.
Flex-head socket wrench / Saltus wrench
這double-ended wrench comes with a socket attached on its one end and an open-end head on the other end. Moreover, you can rotate the socket around the wrench to make the tools more user-friendly.
As the name suggests, an adjustable wrench comes with adjustable jaws that can be extended or narrowed down by turning its knob. As a result, it can come in handy while dealing with many different-sized nuts and bolts. Also, you can get large and small adjustable wrenches according to your need.
這wrench’s gripping face is perpendicular to its handle, and its jaws are smooth. However, this wrench offers adjustable jaw features.
Pipe wrench comes with self-tightening facilities with the appearance of a monkey wrench. Nonetheless, they have serrated jaws to grip the soft iron pipes securely. So, these wrenches are excellent for plumbing jobs.
It’s a hollow cylinder that can be attached with various handle and drive tools. These wrenches are used in opening man-hole caps.
Clamp ratchet wrench
這is a multi-sized and open-ended wrench with a ratcheting mechanism for tightening or loosening nuts in a reciprocating motion. The clamp action makes the wrench more versatile.
Cow-foot wrench / Crow’s-foot wrench
Allen wrench/ hex wrench/ L wrench
Drum wrench / Drum key/ Lug key
4-way lug wrench
You need this amazing wrench to remove cylindrical oil filters. These kinds of wrenches come in a strap or socket-type shape.
這是一個鏈條傳動鏈輪扳手,選取f-tightening feature. You just need to hold the chain’s one end as there is no friction. You can use this wrench to deal with bicycle cog sets or cluster.
這is the second type of hand tool on our list. This is an extremely handy tool used for holding, cutting, bending, compressing, and straightening various materials. It consists of short jaws on end and a long handle on the other side. These jaws are made with metal, and they are connected to a fulcrum. So, when you grip and force the handle inward, the jaws will generate massive pressure on the workpiece.
Let’s see different types of pliers that are employed on our workshops for various purposes.
Slip joint pliers
這些特殊類型的鉗”活動crum or pivot point. As a result, you can adjust their jaws’ size to perform different tasks. Jaws can be thick, thin, or regular in shape.
These pliers are also classified as pinch-nose or pointy-nose pliers. Some people also call it long-nose pliers for its extended jaws. You can cut and hold things with them. These pliers are used to re-position, bend and snip wires for jewelry crafting, electrical, and network engineering task.
Bent nose pliers
It’s a special type of hand tool that is used to cut, pinch or pull things. Pincers’ force is concentrated on any point to generate extreme pressure on that point or edge. It’s very popular in carpentry.
Tongue and groove pliers
Vise-grip is another name of these pliers. Their lever action is much stronger and generates enormous force. As their jaws do not close more than the preset point, you can control these locking pliers smoothly. You can use them to hold metal parts firmly while doing welding tasks.
In some parts of the world, these pliers are also called rosary pliers. Their jaws are not sharp, and the jaws’ surfaces have a smooth finish. These pliers are used to make loops in jewelry and electrical wires.
這tool is used in tile working to pick or remove small-sized hard tile materials to fit tiles properly in their position. You will also find another nipper tool called “rail nipper” which is used to cut rail lines in rail track construction work.
Cutters and Saws
有various typesof hand saws and cutters that are pretty useful in different aspects of our life. Let’s know about them serially.
You will find this cutter in almost every house in the world, and for good reasons. These small knives are used for doing a wide range of cutting and shaping tasks from fish cleaning to box cutting.
這tool is very commonly used in shaping cookies and biscuits. And, in some regions, it is also known as a cookie-cutter. Apart from cookie cutting, these cutters are also used in designing and shaping other types of food and fruits.
這is also called the paper guillotine. This tool is commonly found in offices and classrooms. You can cut a considerable amount of paper sheets effortlessly to resize them with this amazing machine.
Crosscut saw is a handy hand saw that can cut wood perpendicular to the grain. This tool is very common in the woodworking world. You can easily use this saw as both ends have handles. You need two people to operate the saw precisely.
這saw is also called a pull saw, as you have to cut things by pulling the saw. It ensures exceedingly precise cuts with convenience. This saw features a thin blade and great for cutting softwoods.
Pad saw is also known as key hole saw, and this saw comes with a long narrow blade and a metal or wooden handle is attached to its one end. Some pad saws also have a retractable blade. This saw is good at cutting small-sized building materials.
這is a special type of rip saw or crosscut saw that has a very long and wide blade, and you need two men to grab its two ends’ handle. These saws are very helpful in cutting large and old trees and logs by hand.
As the name suggests, you need a veneer saw to cut the hardwood veneer. However, a veneer saw has fine teeth on both edges of the blade. Though the saw is small in size, it provides adequate output every time.
這saw has a firm back. I mean, you will find a stiff rib on the dull end or opposite-cutting edge of the saw blade. These saws are used in cutting joinery, dovetails, cabinetry, and that sort of woodworking task.
The name bow saw came from its shape as it has a bow-like appearance. It’s a special type of crosscut saw having a long uneven blade. It is also called swede saw or bucksaw. You can use this rough saw in cutting a bunch of woods with less preciseness.
If you are looking for a saw that deals with metal, then you can depend on this simple but powerful metal cutter. It has a fine-toothed blade fixed in a frame. This saw is exceptionally cost-effective, and you can use it in your DIY projects.
The file is a fantastic hand tool that is master at removing materials from metal or wood to smoothen the rough surfaces. You can trim things using a file where you can apply any saw or cutter. You can also sharpen the edge of any blade using a file.
有many types of files that play various roles in different circumstances. Let’s see them
You can reduce the flat surface using this rectangular cross-section file. You can do both single-cut and double-cut using a flat-file.
It is tapered and square in shape. You can do the filing of square grooves, rectangular nut slots, and keyholes with this amazing tool.
這file is also known as a safe edge file. It looks like a flat file, but you can cut materials using this file. It is used for all-purpose filing works.
You can use this file for welding operations or slotting. With an arced knife-edge, these tools are tapered in thickness and width. It is used to make keys.
Dead smooth file
The teeth of these files are tinier than the teeth of rough files. These files are applied for large-scale metal filing jobs.
Joint round edge file
這file is ideal for hard metal. You can also do the finishing job with it. It makes the metal surface smooth. The single-cut file is crafted with one-directional parallel teeth. These teeth are positioned on the center part of the file.
這file may not give you a smooth cut, but you will get the job done pretty quickly. These files have double rows of cutting teeth. This file is also called a coarse type file.
You can do filing work of soft metals like copper, zinc, brass, and aluminum with this curved-cut file. Its teeth are round in shape. Some people also call this file a vixen file.
Rasp cut file
這is a unique file that is made with thick teeth. Its teeth are triangular in shape and curving outward. It can be used on various surface including plastic, fiber, wood, and rubber. See我們最喜歡的木頭rasps文件。
You will find different kinds of needle files of various sizes and shapes. These files are tiny, and you need this tool to achieve fine finishing in small workpieces.
Without further delay, let’s have a look at them.
這hammer is also called a ball-peen hammer. These hammer two heads come with a rounded and a flat face. This tool is mostly used in metalworking, especially for peening work. The hammer’s round part helps to make gaskets and flat part is good for striking chisels, nails, and punches.
It’s a special kind of mallet-type hammer that causes minimum rebound when you hit with immense force. As a result, it minimizes accidental damage. This tool is used in auto repairing jobs for doing chassis work. Also, this hammer is used for the removal and installation of the hubcap. You can also do a knock joints job with it.
閣下is a special hardwood hammer that is used in the court or ceremony to punctuate proclamations and rulings.
這個錘子也稱為木工錘。It’s a kind of mechanic’s hammer that is widely used in woodworking. To lower the accidental damage, its striking face is made rounder in shape.
The specialty of this hammer is that it can be used both as an axe and a hammer. Yes, one side comes with a hatchet blade, and the other side consists of a rigid flat hammer face. Its is very useful in the mass wood cutting job.
It’s a soft hammer. It is used in a place where you need a delicate strike is needed. The hitting face of these hammers is rubber or wood made to ensure softer striking. These types of mallets are very popularly used in carpentry and upholstery industries.
Rock climbing hammer
As the name suggests, this hammer is specially made to assist the rock climber. This hammer is also called a wall hammer or aid hammer. Its head can easily stick to the rock terrene. Some rock-climbing hammer comes with a strap for ensuring more convenience while climbing.
更堅定的鑿子are made with solid steel. Its handle is built with hardwood, and you can deal vast amount of woodworking tasks with this chisel. You can make fine corners with this tool.
It is a very popular chisel in carpentry especially in making dovetail joints. You will get acute angles smoothly with the chisel.
With 5 inches blade and handle, you can make cabinets and household furniture with the stunning chisel. It is perfect for paring, joinery, chopping, and trimming woods.
這durable chisel is a good option for sturdy materials like metal, mortar, stones, and bricks. However, this special chisel also works well with soft stone.
As the name indicates, this chisel is employed to cut mortise joints. It has a heavy blade and wood-made handle with a metal part for striking with a hammer or mallet.
這削減鑿子is expert at applying on the tight spot, and you can also clean grooves with its long and beveled blade. For woodworking tasks, you can use this chisel to clean woods for making fitting-joints.
If you want a chisel for cutting or paring thin woods having a user-friendly grip, then you should try this chisel with a baseball-like handle. Moreover, this improved version of the paring chisel has a bigger blade for convenient cutting.
You can easily guess that adovetail chiselis an expert at making dovetails and make the smooth finish on dovetail joints. It comprises a 30-degree bevel-edged long blade. You can also apply this chisel to clean out the joint.
v字形截麵,這與一個鑿average length blade is suitable for cabinetry and carpentry. You can quickly cut the mortises’ corner with this chisel.
這chisel is also called Nomi. Its blade’s frontal part is crafted with sturdy steel, and the middle part is made of soft steel metal. This chisel is extremely useful for designing softwoods.
這special chisel has a socket-shaped handle, and this shape allows you to strike the chisel repeatedly without breaking or cracking its handle. For mass woodworking, you can use this tool with great comfort.
If you are looking for a long and thick chisel for timber framing, boat building, and other complicated framing work, then this chisel will turn out to be an extremely handy tool. Its cutting edge has 25-30 degrees of angle. Typically, they have a wooden handle with a metal-striking tip.
These chisels’ blade is slightly lower than its handle. As a result, you can use the whole blade without getting your fingers below the blade. You can easily shave woods with this amazing tool.
You can cut a straight line on a brick’s surface with this kind of chisel. It is also called a brick chisel. However, if you use this chisel for metalworking or stone crashing work, its blade will become dull. So, you must use it on bricks.
Rivets, old rusted bolts, and nuts are cut